Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease the result of a parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) as a result of loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Each year 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, and also over one million people die, the majority of them young kids.
The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease is located depends mainly on climatic factors including temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The main locations where malaria disease is found are; Africa, Madagascar, India and South America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, where the host mosquito, in the genus Anopheles, is able to survive and multiply. You can find approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 of which transmit the malaria parasite.
Only in locations where the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle within the mosquitoes can humans be infected. You can find four species of malaria parasite that can infect humans these are; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. Time required for development of the parasite within the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species and the temperature.
Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to battle malaria – Scientists from your University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough which could end the international fight against malaria.
Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that will kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi enter into contact with insect blood, in a scientific step that could fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.
Scientists believe that utilizing the same technology 1 day can fight a number of other mosquito-borne diseases, including zika and dengue fever.
By utilizing fungus combined with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they are able to prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. Exactly the same technology can be used once to battle other mosquito-borne diseases, including zika and dengue fever.